談美國總統的否決權(on the veto power of the US president)

The phrase “presidential veto” does not literally appear in the Constitution of the U.S. However, the Article I requires every bill, order, resolution or other act of legislation approved by the Congress to be presented to and signed by the president of the U.S. And this requirement creates some scenarios:

  1. Normally the president signs the bill within 10 days (excluding Sundays) and enacts the bill.
  2. The president may veto the bill by returning it back to the Congress with a statement of objection within 10 days.
  3. Each house may override the veto by voting. Two thirds of each house are required. Once the veto is overridden, the bill will automatically be enacted.
  4. The president may do nothing, and after 10 days (excluding Sundays) if Congress has not yet adjourned, the bill is enacted into law.
  5. The president may do nothing, and if Congress adjourns before the 10th day (excluding Sundays), the bill is not enacted into law. This is known as “pocket veto” and it can’t be overridden.

Bill Clinton had vetoed 36 times, George W. Bush 12 times, Barack Obama 12 times, and Donald Trumps has vetoed six times.

Franklin D. Roosevelt had vetoed mostly up to 372 times by regular veto and 263 times by pocket veto.

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